Sophie Taeuber-Arp worked in a variety of forms, including painting, sculpture, and textiles. She attended the École des Arts Appliqués in St. Gall (1908-10) and the Kunstgewerbeschule in Hamburg (1012) to study textiles. When she moved to Zurich in 1915, the city had a vibrant art culture and Dada thrived. Taeuber-Arp produced geometric work focused on color and line. In 1921, she married fellow artist Jean Arp. He designed dance costumes for her, and they collaborated on work throughout her life. In addition to making art, she also taught at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Zurich from 1915 to 1929. Sophie, Jean, and Theo van Doesburg designed the interior of the Café de l'Aubette in Strasbourg from 1926 to 1927. The café closed in 1929 when the Nazis dismantled it. Also in 1928, Sophie and Jean designed and decorated their home outside of Paris in Meudon-Val-Fleury. 

In the 1930s, she was a member of the group Cercle et Carré and Abstract-Création. The latter she and Jean left because of its dogmatic repudiation of figurative work. In 1937, she started the magazine Plastique, which was published until 1939. Taeuber-Arp died on January 13, 1943 from a gas leak in the home in which she and Jean were staying. Deeply affected by his wife's death, Jean took a break from making sculpture. In 1995, the Swiss government put Taeuber-Arp's portrait on its 50-franc note.

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